• Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 19 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 19 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Amines are organic derivatives of ammonia with one or more alkyl or aryl groups bonded to the nitrogen atom. As a class, amines include some of the most important biological compounds. Amines serve many functions in living organisms, such as bioregulation, neurotransmission, and defense against predators. This chapter draw and name amines, and use spectral information to determine their structures; compare the basicity of amines with other...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 10 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 10 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Alcohols are synthesized by a wide variety of methods, and the hydroxyl group may be converted to most other functional groups. For these reasons, alcohols are versatile synthetic intermediates. In this chapter, we discuss the physical properties of alcohols and summarize the methods used to synthesize them.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 9 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 9 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 9 introduce to Alkynes. In this chapter, students will be able to: Draw and name alkynes, cycloalkynes, and their derivatives; show how to synthesize alkynes by eliminations from alkyl halides and by the additions and substitutions of acetylide ions; predict the products of the reactions of alkynes, including the orientation of the reaction (regiochemistry) and the stereochemistry;...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 15 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 15 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 15 - Conjugated systems, orbital symmetry, and ultraviolet spectroscopy. In this chapter, we consider the unique properties of conjugated systems, the theoretical reasons for this extra stability, and some of the characteristic reactions of molecules containing conjugated double bonds. We also study ultraviolet spectroscopy, a tool for determining the structures of conjugated systems.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 11 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 11 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 11 - Reactions of Alcohols. Alcohols are important organic compounds because the hydroxyl group is easily converted to almost any other functional group. In Chapter 10, we studied reactions that form alcohols. In this chapter, we seek to understand how alcohols react and which reagents are best for converting them to other kinds of compounds.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 12 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 12 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 12 - Infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. This chapter identify the reliable characteristic absorptions in an infrared spectrum, and propose which functional groups are likely to be present in the molecule; explain which functional groups cannot be present in a molecule because their characteristic peaks are absent from the IR spectrum; use a mass spectrum to determine a compound’s molecular weight, and propose which elements...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 13 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 13 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 13 - Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. In this chapter, students will be able to understand: Use the chemical shifts, splitting patterns, and integrations shown in a proton NMR spectrum to propose structures for possible compounds; use the number of peaks and their chemical shifts in a 13C NMR spectrum to determine the number of types of carbon atoms in the compound and what functional groups they might represent;...

     71 p bvu 06/01/2018 45 1

  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 14 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 14 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 14 introduce to ethers, epoxides, and sulfides. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Draw and name ethers and heterocyclic ethers, including epoxides; explain the trends in their boiling points, solubilities, and solvent properties; determine the structures of ethers from their spectra, and explain their characteristic absorptions and fragmentations;...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 22 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 22 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 22 - Condensations and alpha substitutions of carbonyl compounds. In this chapter, we consider two more types of reactions: substitution at the carbon atom next to the carbonyl group (called alpha substitution) and carbonyl condensations. Carbonyl condensations are among the most common biological methods for building up and breaking down large molecules.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 16 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 16 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 16 introduce to aromatic compounds. This chapter determine whether Hückel’s rule applies to a given structure, and predict whether the compound will be aromatic, antiaromatic, or nonaromatic; show how to construct the molecular orbitals of a conjugated cyclic system similar to benzene and cyclobutadiene;...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 18 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 18 - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 18 introduce to Ketones and Aldehydes. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Draw and name ketones and aldehydes, and use spectral information to determine their structures; propose single-step and multistep syntheses of ketones and aldehydes from compounds containing other functional groups; predict the products and propose mechanisms for the reactions of ketones and aldehydes with oxidizing and reducing agents,...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 21 (part 1) - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Lecture Organic chemistry: Chapter 21 (part 1) - L. G. Wade, Jr.

    Chapter 21 (part 1) - Structure and properties of carboxylic acid derivatives. This chapter draw and name carboxylic acid derivatives, and use spectral information to determine their structures; describe the trends in physical properties of acid derivatives, and compare the relative reactivity of esters, thioesters, amides, nitriles, anhydrides, and acid chlorides; propose single-step and multistep syntheses of acid derivatives from compounds...

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